雷速体育视频直播电脑:在印度裝配:追隨中國的戰略為何可能并不明智

雷速体育比分直播篮球 www.694689.live 2020-02-10 16:42:00 | 來源: | 參與: 0

  Assemble in India: Why it may not be prudent to follow China’s strategy

  在印度裝配:追隨中國的戰略為何可能并不明智

  The Economic Survey 2020 was tabled on Friday, January 31st, amidst an economic slowdown, coupled with rising food inflation. While the Survey emphasized on the importance of an expansionary fiscal policy and an investment-led growth, it also advocated 10 key ideas that could help address some of the structural issues that have caused the slowdown. Among the idea of creating wealth, enabling entrepreneurs, examining go nment’s intervention, and reducing financial stress, one of the focus was on creating jobs and growth by emphasizing on “Assemble in India for the world” and integrating it into our “Make in India” programme.

  《2020年經濟調查》已于1月31日(周五)提交,時值經濟放緩,食品價格上漲。盡管該調查強調了擴張性財政政策和投資拉動型增長的重要性,但它也提出了10個關鍵觀點,可能有助于解決導致經濟放緩的一些結構性問題。在創造財富、鼓勵企業家、審查政府干預和減輕財政壓力的想法中,重點之一是通過強調“在印度為全球裝配”并將其納入“印度制造”計劃來創造就業和增長。

  The desire to continue to build on initial reforms and programmes undertaken during Modi 1.0 comes across loud and clear in this idea. But what it also stressed was to chart a China-like, labour-intensive, export trajectory. It was argued that by adopting a strategy like that of China, India can not only improve its share in global exports, but also create well-paid jobs.

  在“莫迪1.0”期間,繼續推進初步改革和計劃的愿望在這個想法中清晰而響亮地體現出來。但它也強調了要規劃一條類似中國的勞動密集型的出口軌跡。有人認為,通過采取類似中國的戰略,印度不僅能提高其在全球出口中的份額,而且還能創造高薪工作崗位。

  Creating jobs will be crucial in order to deal with concerns regarding sustaining consumer demand at the macro level, and the economic survey addressed this issue. Highlighting the importance of the manufacturing sector in its ability to create jobs is also worthwhile. However, following China’s strategy might require some prudence among policymakers given that the world has dramatically changed in terms of technology and the environment since China adopted it in the early 1990s.

  創造就業是處理有關在宏觀層面上維持消費需求問題的重中之重,經濟調查解決了這個問題。強調制造業在創造就業能力方面的重要性也很重要。然而,鑒于自中國在上世紀90年代初采用這一戰略以來,世界在技術和環境方面發生了巨大變化,決策者們或許需要在一定程度上謹慎行事。

  Post its liberalization, China rode the wave of globalization and low factor costs aided in creating a scale and capacity that was needed to be globally competitive. During this process, China also emphasized on building its own infrastructure, thus creating a sustainable demand for its own manufacturing produce. As the economy expanded its scale and scope of production, it also evolved in terms of creating its own ecosystem of technology and entrepreneurship.

  執行市場自由化政策后,中國借助全球化和低要素成本的浪潮,創造了具有全球競爭力所需的規模和能力。在這一過程中,中國也強調建設自己的基礎設施,從而為自己的制造業產品創造了可持續的需求。隨著經濟規模和生產范圍的擴大,它也在創造自己的技術和創業生態系統方面發生了變化。

  This time it’s different

  這次不同了

  Over the past few years, Industry 4.0 has provided manufacturers with faster, flexible, and more proficient processes that produce goods of higher-quality and at lower costs. Manufacturing industry leaders in today’s world have taken an increasingly large role around climate change and environmental sustainability as well as resource scarcity. Besides, India has to fight the wave of anti-globalisation and trade uncertainties that the world is experiencing currently.

  在過去幾年中,工業4.0為制造商提供了更快、更靈活、更熟練的生產流程,以生產更高質量、更低成本的產品。當今世界的制造業領袖在氣候變化、環境可持續性以及資源稀缺方面發揮著越來越大的作用。此外,印度還必須應對當前世界正在經歷的反全球化浪潮和貿易不確定性。

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