雷速体育直播安卓版:中國制造為何遍及世界?外國網友因此吵開了

雷速体育比分直播篮球 www.694689.live 2019-12-30 11:41:38 | 來源: | 參與: 0

  眾所周知,近40年來,中國的工業取得了舉世矚目的成就,在建立完善了門類齊全的現代工業體系之后,如今的中國早已躍升為世界第一制造大國

  ——2018年,中國工業產值占全世界30%,是美國、日本和德國之和。

  中國制造遍及世界,這就是當前世界制造業格局最現實的客觀狀態。

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  對此,就有外國網友提出了疑問:

  為什么大多數東西都是在中國制造/組裝的?

  1、Albert

  You ask why everything is made in China, but you should change that question to, “Why are a lot of items made in China” ? Not everything is made in China. I am going to guess that you are younger than 40 so don’t really have a lot of experience in the progression of the manufacturing industry over time.

  你問為什么所有的東西都是中國制造的,但是你應該把這個問題改成,“為什么很多東西都是中國制造的”?不是所有的東西都是中國制造的。我猜你還不到40歲,所以對制造業的發展沒有太多經驗。

  I only go back to the 1950’s so I will start there but the movement of manufacturing goes way back in history. Back in the 1950’s and early 1960’s Japan was the country most well known for being the place to get all your cheap “crap” manufactured. Cheap toys, cheap plastic merchandise. They progressed to manufacturing better quality and value added merchandise until the labor costs priced them out of the cheap goods manufacturing segment.

  我只追溯到20世紀50年代,但制造業的發展可以追溯到很久以前。早在20世紀50年代和60年代初,日本就以制造廉價“垃圾”而聞名。便宜的玩具,便宜的塑料制品。直到勞動力成本把他們擠出了廉價產品的生產環節,他們開始生產質量更好、附加值更高的商品。

  They moved their cheap goods manufacturing to other low labor cost areas like South Korea, Taiwan, and Hong Kong to name just a few. Those countries followed the same trend as Japan and progressed from making cheap goods to manufacturing higher quality value added merchandise. This took place in the 70’s and 80’s. By around 1990 the labor cost in these countries got too expensive and factories began to move to China. And the trend continues. China started out manufacturing cheap goods and has progressed to more technical value added products. Now, as labor costs are increasing in China you will begin to see more factories making cheap goods moving out of China to other low labor cost countries.

  他們把廉價商品制造轉移到其他低勞動力成本地區,如韓國、中國臺灣和中國香港。這些國家追隨與日本相同的趨勢,從制造廉價商品發展到制造高質量的增值商品。這發生在70年代和80年代。到1990年左右,這些國家的勞動力成本變得過于昂貴,工廠開始遷往中國大陸。而且這種趨勢還在繼續。中國大陸開始制造廉價商品,并已發展到更具技術附加值的產品。現在,隨著中國勞動力成本的增加,你將開始看到更多生產廉價商品的工廠從中國轉移到其他低勞動力成本國家。

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  2、Charles

  I have been traveling a lot to China for the production of IoT products. This falls on the Engineering triangle. China can produce Quality, Fast, Cheap.

  出于其對物聯網產品的生產,我經常去中國。這屬于項目管理三角形。中國可以高效率地生產質量好、價格便宜的產品。

  I feel all the answers about cheaper labor is missing the point of the question. Since the majority of the third world countries have cheaper labor. From most of Africa, South America, India, and so on... Cheap labor has already been pointed out. Here are a few more:

  我覺得所有關于廉價勞動力的答案都沒有抓住問題的重點。因為大多數第三世界國家的勞動力更便宜。比如非洲大部分地區,南美洲,印度等等…廉價勞動力這一原因已經被指出。這里還有一些其他原因:

  Mostly because it has a billion people, about the same as the rest of the developed world combined, but isn"'t yet developed enough to be heavy in service industries.

  這主要是因為中國有10億人口,與其他發達國家人口總和大致相當,但還沒有發展到服務業占很大比重的程度。

  Chinese have been very lucky to get on the industrialization train before cheap automation made that path to development obsolete.China has invested a lot in infrastructure. Factories have reliable power, good highway and rail system to port, and large modern ports.

  在廉價的自動化技術這條發展道路過時之前,中國人很幸運地坐上了工業化的火車。中國在基礎設施方面投入了大量資金。工廠有可靠的電力,還有良好的公路和鐵路系統,以及大型現代化港口。

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